Effect of Different Exercise Training Intensities on Musculoskeletal and Neuropathic Pain in Inactive Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes – Preliminary Randomised Controlled Trial.

Cox ER, Gajanand T, Burton NW, Coombes JS, Coombes BK. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2020 Apr 28:108168. doi: 10.1016/j.diabres.2020.108168.

Effects of strengthening, stretching and functional training on foot function in patients with diabetic neuropathy: results of a randomized controlled trial


Exercise prescription for patients with type 2 diabetes-a synthesis of international recommendations: narrative review.

Mendes R, Sousa N, Almeida A, Subtil P, Guedes-Marques F, Reis VM, Themudo-Barata JL. Br J Sports Med. 2016 Nov;50(22):1379-1381. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2015-094895

Exercise-Induced Modulation of Pain in Adults with and without Painful Diabetic Neuropathy.


Gut microbiota mediates intermittent-fasting alleviation of diabetes-induced cognitive impairment.

Liu Z, Dai X, Zhang H, Shi R, Hui Y, Jin X, Zhang W, Wang L, Wang Q, Wang D, Wang J, Tan X, Ren B, Liu X, Zhao T, Wang J, Pan J, Yuan T, Chu C, Lan L, Yin F, Cadenas E, Shi L, Zhao S, Liu X. Nat Commun. 2020 Feb 18;11(1):855. doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-14676-4.

Is chronic low back pain a risk factor for diabetes? The Nord-Trøndelag Health Study.

Heuch I, Heuch I, Hagen K, Sørgjerd EP, Åsvold BO, Zwart JA. BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care. 2018 Oct 23;6(1):e000569. doi: 10.1136/bmjdrc-2018-000569.

Is there an association between diabetes and neck and back pain? A systematic review with meta-analyses.

Pozzobon D, Ferreira PH, Dario AB, Almeida L, Vesentini G, Harmer AR, Ferreira ML. PLoS One. 2019 Feb 21;14(2):e0212030. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0212030.

Is there an association between diabetes and neck pain and lower back pain? Results of a population-based study

Jimenez-Garcia R, del Barrio JL, Hernandez-Barrera V, de Miguel-Díez J, Jimenez-Trujillo I, Martinez-Huedo MA, Lopez-de-Andres A. Journal of Pain Research 2018, 11:1005-1015. 24 May 2018. DOI: 10.2147/JPR.S158877

Painful neuropathy: Mechanisms


Prescribing exercise for individuals with type 2 diabetes: recommendations and precautions.


The effectiveness of non-surgical interventions for managing adhesive capsulitis in patients with diabetes: A systematic review.

Alsubheen SA, Nazari G, Bobos P, MacDermid JC, Overend TJ, Faber K. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2018 Sep 27. pii: S0003-9993(18)31314-5. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2018.08.181.

The Role of Type I Diabetes in Intervertebral Disc Degeneration.

Russo F, Ambrosio L, Ngo K, Vadalà G, Denaro V, Fan Y, Sowa G, Kang JD, Vo N. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2019 Apr 8. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000003054.

Type 2 Diabetes Affects Joint Pain Severity in People with Localized Osteoarthritis: A Retrospective Study.

Alenazi AM, Obaidat SM, Alshehri MM, Alothman S, Gray C, Rucker J, Waitman LR, Kluding PM. Pain Med. 2019 Nov 9. pii: pnz299. doi: 10.1093/pm/pnz299.

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