Lumbar DDx

2015 Updated Method Guideline for Systematic Reviews in the Cochrane Back and Neck Group.

A biopsychosocial understanding of lower back pain: Content analysis of online information.

Black NM, Sullivan SJ, Mani R. Eur J Pain. 2017 Dec 27. doi: 10.1002/ejp.1158.

A literature review of clinical tests for lumbar instability in low back pain: validity and applicability in clinical practice

A screening tool for non-specific low back pain with disability in office workers: a 1-year prospective cohort study

A systematic review and meta-analysis of pain neuroscience education for chronic low back pain: short- and long-term outcomes of pain and disability.

Wood L, Hendrick P. Eur J Pain. 2018 Sep 4. doi: 10.1002/ejp.1314.

Absence of low back pain to demarcate an episode: a prospective multicentre study in primary care

Anatomy and function of the vertebral column lymphatic network in mice.

Jacob L, Boisserand LSB, Geraldo LHM, de Brito Neto J, Mathivet T, Antila S, Barka B, Xu Y, Thomas JM, Pestel J, Aigrot MS, Song E, Nurmi H, Lee S, Alitalo K, Renier N, Eichmann A, Thomas JL. Nat Commun. 2019 Oct 9;10(1):4594. doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-12568-w.

Assessing self-perception in patients with chronic low back pain: development of a back-specific body-perception questionnaire.

Assessments of lumbar flexion range of motion: intertester reliability and concurrent validity of 2 commonly used clinical tests.

Association between a composite score of pain sensitivity and clinical parameters in low-back pain.

Association between objectively measured physical behaviour and neck- and/or low back pain: A systematic review.

Øverås CK, Villumsen M, Axén I, Cabrita M, Leboeuf-Yde C, Hartvigsen J, Mork PJ. Eur J Pain. 2020 Feb 24. doi: 10.1002/ejp.1551.

Association of Back Pain with All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality Among Older Women: a Cohort Study.

Roseen EJ, LaValley MP, Li S, Saper RB, Felson DT, Fredman L; Study of Osteoporotic Fractures. J Gen Intern Med. 2018 Oct 22. doi: 10.1007/s11606-018-4680-7.

BAck complaints in the elders – chiropractic (BACE-C): protocol of an international cohort study of older adults with low back pain seeking chiropractic care.

Jenks AD, Hoekstra T, Axén I, de Luca K, Field J, Newell D, Hartvigsen J, French SD, Koes B, van Tulder MW, Rubinstein SM. Chiropr Man Therap. 2020 Apr 1;28(1):17. doi: 10.1186/s12998-020-00302-z.

Back muscle fatigue of younger and older adults with and without chronic low back pain using two protocols: A case-control study.

Back Pain Is Linked With Increased Risk of Death in Older Women

Review of above paper by Kelly Davio

Back to basics: 10 facts every person should know about back pain

Peter B O’Sullivan, JP Caneiro, Kieran O’Sullivan, Ivan Lin, Samantha Bunzli, Kevin Wernli, Mary O’KeeffeBJSM. Dec 31, 2019. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2019-101611

Bertolotti’s syndrome: an underdiagnosed cause for lower back pain.

Alonzo F, Cobar A, Cahueque M, Prieto JA. J Surg Case Rep. 2018 Oct 17;2018(10):rjy276. doi: 10.1093/jscr/rjy276.

Can primary care for back and/or neck pain in the Netherlands benefit from stratification for risk groups according to the STarT Back Tool-classification?

Jasper D. Bier, Janneke J.W. Sandee-Geurts, Raymond W.J.G. Ostelo, Bart W. Koes, Arianne P. Verhagen. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. July 11, 2017. DOI:10.1016/j.apmr.2017.06.011

Causal mechanisms in the clinical course and treatment of back pain

Lee, G. Mansell , J.H. McAuley , S.J. Kamper, M. Hübscher , G.L. Moseley , L. Wolfenden, R.K. Hodder, C.M. Williams. Best practice & research. Clinical rheumatology · May 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.berh.2017.04.001

Change in lumbar lordosis during prone lying knee flexion test in subjects with and without low back pain

Characteristics of low back pain in adolescent patients with early-stage spondylolysis evaluated using a detailed visual analogue scale.

Clinical classification in low back pain: best-evidence diagnostic rules based on systematic reviews.

Petersen T, Laslett M, Juhl C. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2017 May 12;18(1):188. doi: 10.1186/s12891-017-1549-6.

Clinical image of anterior longitudinal ligament syndrome – an interdisciplinary problem.

Kuliński W. Wiad Lek. 2017;70(6 pt 1):1118-1121.

Clinicians’ views on factors that trigger a sudden onset of low back pain

Comparative evaluation of a novel measurement tool to assess lumbar spine posture and range of motion

Correlation of Body Composition and Low Back Pain Severity in a Cross-Section of US Veterans

Casey S. Okamoto, Andrew S. Dunn, Bart N. Green, Lance R. Formolo, David Chicoine. JMPT. May 26, 2017 DOI:10.1016/j.jmpt.2017.03.003

Cumulative mechanical low-back load at work is a determinant of low-back pain.

Current Evidence for Diagnosis of Common Conditions Causing Low Back Pain: Systematic Review and Standardized Terminology Recommendations.

Vining RD, Shannon ZK, Minkalis AL, Twist EJ. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2019 Dec 20. pii: S0161-4754(19)30071-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2019.08.002.

Degenerative Lumbar Spine Disease: Estimating Global Incidence and Worldwide Volume

Ravindra, V. et al. Global Spine Journal. April 24, 2018. Doi: 10.1177/2192568218770769

Delayed trunk muscle reflex responses increase the risk of low back injuries.

Cholewicki J, Silfies SP, Shah RA, Greene HS, Reeves NP, Alvi K, Goldberg B. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2005 Dec 1;30(23):2614-20.

Development of a Clinical Decision Aid for Chiropractic Management of Common Conditions Causing Low Back Pain in Veterans: Results of a Consensus Process.

Vining RD, Shannon ZK, Salsbury SA, Corber L, Minkalis AL, Goertz CM. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2019 Dec 18. pii: S0161-4754(18)30363-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2019.03.009.

Development of a collaborative model of low back pain: report from the 2017 NASS consensus meeting.

Cholewicki J, Popovich JM Jr, Aminpour P, Gray SA, Lee A, Hodges PW. Spine J. 2018 Nov 30. pii: S1529-9430(18)31263-4. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2018.11.014.

Development Of A Multivariate Prognostic Model For Pain And Activity Limitation In People With Low Back Disorders Receiving Physiotherapy

Jon J. Ford, Matt C. Richards BPhysio, Luke D. Surkitt BPhysio, Alexander YP. Chan BPhysio, Sarah L. Slater, Nicholas F. Taylor, Andrew J. Hahne. Archives of Physical medicine and Rehab. May 28, 2018. DOI: 10.1016/j.apmr.2018.04.026

Development of an Evidence-Based Practical Diagnostic Checklist and Corresponding Clinical Exam for Low Back Pain.

Vining RD, Minkalis AL, Shannon ZK, Twist EJ. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2019 Dec 18. pii: S0161-4754(19)30072-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2019.08.003.

Diagnosis and classification of chronic low back pain disorders: maladaptive movement and motor control impairments as underlying mechanism.

Diagnosis and treatment of low back pain: a joint clinical practice guideline from the American College of Physicians and the American Pain Society.

Diagnostic accuracy of diagnostic imaging for lumbar disc herniation in adults with low back pain or sciatica is unknown; a systematic review.

Diagnostic accuracy of diagnostic imaging for lumbar disc herniation in adults with low back pain or sciatica is unknown; a systematic review.

Diagnostic Tests for Low Back Disorders.

Hegmann KT, Travis R, Belcourt RM, Donelson R, Eskay-Auerbach M, Galper J, Haldeman S, Hooper PD, Lessenger JE, Mayer T, Mueller KL, Murphy DR, Tellin WG, Thiese MS, Weiss MS. J Occup Environ Med. 2019 Jan 25. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001551.

Diagnostic triage for low back pain: a practical approach for primary care.

Bardin LD, King P, Maher CG. Med J Aust. 2017 Apr 3;206(6):268-273. Review.

Diagnostic uncertainty and recall bias in chronic low back pain

Differences in Trabecular Bone, Cortical Shell, and Endplate Microstructure Across the Lumbar Spine.

Palepu V, Rayaprolu SD, Nagaraja S. Int J Spine Surg. 2019 Aug 31;13(4):361-370. doi: 10.14444/6049.

Discovery of a New Ligament of the Lumbar Spine: The Midline Interlaminar Ligament.

Simond E, Iwanaga J, Ishak B, Reina MA, Oskouian RJ, Tubbs RS. Spine J. 2019 Dec 9. pii: S1529-9430(19)31115-5. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2019.12.003.

Do number of days with low back pain and patterns of episodes of pain have similar outcomes in a biopsychosocial prediction model?

Lemeunier N, Leboeuf-Yde C, Gagey O, Wedderkopp N, Kjaer P. Eur Spine J. 2016 Sep;25(9):2774-87. doi: 10.1007/s00586-016-4531-3.

Do Work-Related Mechanical and Psychosocial Factors Contribute to the Social Gradient in Low Back Pain?: A 3-Year Follow-Up Study of the General Working Population in Norway.

Sterud T, Johannessen HA, Tynes T. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 Jul

Does a Diagnostic Classification Algorithm Help to Predict the Course of Low Back Pain? A Study of Danish Chiropractic Patients With One-Year Follow Up.

Hartvigsen L, Kongsted A, Vach W, Salmi LR, Hestbaek L. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2018 May 8:1-35. doi: 10.2519/jospt.2018.8083.

Does Ischemia Cause Low Back Pain? A Systematic Review

Anton Shcherbina, Mckenna Longacre, PM&R April 28, 2017 DOI:10.1016/j.pmrj.2017.04.007

Does sedentary behavior increase the risk of low back pain? A population-based co-twin study of Spanish twins

Anita B Amorim, Gavin M Levy, Francisco Pérez-Riquelme, Milena Simic, Evangelos Pappas, Amabile B Dario, Manuela L Ferreira, Eduvigis Carrillo, Alejandro Luque-Suarez, Juan R Ordoñana, Paulo H Ferreira DOI:10.1016/j.spinee.2017.02.004 The Spine Journal February 13, 2017

Dynamic interactions between lumbar intervertebral motion segments during forward bending and return

Breen Alexander, Breen Alan. Journal of Biomechanics. 3 January 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2020.109603

Effect of Hamstring Flexibility on Hip and Lumbar Spine Joint Excursions During Forward Reaching Tasks in Individuals With and Without Low Back Pain

Effect of Low Back Pain Risk-Stratification Strategy on Patient Outcomes and Care Processes: the MATCH Randomized Trial in Primary Care.

Cherkin D, Balderson B, Wellman R, Hsu C, Sherman KJ, Evers SC, Hawkes R, Cook A, Levine MD, Piekara D, Rock P, Estlin KT, Brewer G, Jensen M, LaPorte AM, Yeoman J, Sowden G, Hill JC, Foster NE. J Gen Intern Med. 2018 May 22. doi: 10.1007/s11606-018-4468-9.

Effects of acceleration level on lumbar spine injuries in military populations

Epidemiology of arthritis, chronic back pain, gout, osteoporosis, spondyloarthropathies and rheumatoid arthritis among 1.5 million patients in Australian general practice: NPS MedicineWise MedicineInsight dataset.

González-Chica DA, Vanlint S, Hoon E, Stocks N. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2018 Jan 18;19(1):20. doi: 10.1186/s12891-018-1941-x.

Essential key messages about diagnosis, imaging, and self-care for people with low back pain: a modified Delphi study of consumer and expert opinions.

French SD, Nielsen M, Hall L, Nicolson PJ, van Tulder M, Bennell KL, Hinman RS, Maher CG, Jull G, Hodges PW. Pain. 2019 Jul 23. doi: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001663.

Essential key messages about diagnosis, imaging, and self-care for people with low back pain: a modified Delphi study of consumer and expert opinions.

French SD, Nielsen M, Hall L, Nicolson PJ, van Tulder M, Bennell KL, Hinman RS, Maher CG, Jull G, Hodges PW. Pain. 2019 Jul 23. doi: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001663.

Estimating Pain and Disability in Virtual Patients with Low Back Pain: The Contribution of Nonverbal Behaviors

Anne Courbalay, Thomas Deroche, Martin Descarreaux. 6 April 2017 Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, Volume 28; doi:10.1007/s10919-017-0254-3

Evaluation criteria for the assessment of occupational diseases of the lumbar spine – how reliable are they?

Ulmar B, Wölfle-Roos J, Kocak T, Brunner A. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2019 Oct 27;20(1):485. doi: 10.1186/s12891-019-2878-4.

Evaluation of a modified clinical prediction rule for use with spinal manipulative therapy in patients with chronic low back pain: a randomized clinical trial

Evaluation of guideline-endorsed red flags to screen for fracture in patients presenting with low back pain.

Parreira PCS, Maher CG, Traeger AC, Hancock MJ, Downie A, Koes BW, Ferreira ML. Br J Sports Med. 2018 Oct 18. pii: bjsports-2018-099525. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2018-099525.

Examination of the Course of Low Back Pain Intensity Based on Baseline Predictors and Health Care Utilization Among Patients Treated in Multidisciplinary Pain Clinics: A Quebec Pain Registry Study

M Gabrielle Pagé, PhD Kelly Boyd, MSc Mark A Ware, MD, MSc. Pain Medicine, pny205. 25 January 2019. Doi: 10.1093/pm/pny205

Exploring the origin of low back pain sub-classification: a systematic scoping review protocol.

Jess MA, Hamilton S, Ryan CG, Wellburn S, Martin D. JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep. 2019 Mar 14. doi: 10.11124/JBISRIR-2017-003805.

Fat mass and fat distribution are associated with low back pain intensity and disability: results from a cohort study.

Hussain SM, Urquhart DM, Wang Y, Shaw JE, Magliano DJ, Wluka AE, Cicuttini FM. Arthritis Res Ther. 2017 Feb 10;19(1):26. doi: 10.1186/s13075-017-1242-z.

Free Books & Documents

Gluteus medius muscle function in people with and without low back pain: a systematic review.

Sadler S, Cassidy S, Peterson B, Spink M, Chuter V. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2019 Oct 22;20(1):463. doi: 10.1186/s12891-019-2833-4.

Guideline summary review: an evidence-based clinical guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of adult isthmic spondylolisthesis.

Kreiner DS, Baisden J, Mazanec DJ, Patel RD, Bess RS, Burton D, Chutkan NB, Cohen BA, Crawford CH 3rd, Ghiselli G, Hanna AS, Hwang SW, Kilincer C, Myers ME, Park P, Rosolowski KA, Sharma AK, Taleghani CK, Trammell TR, Vo AN, Williams KD. Spine J. 2016 Sep 1. pii: S1529-9430(16)30924-X. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2016.08.034.

Guideline summary review: an evidence-based clinical guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis.

Matz PG, et al Spine J. 2015 Dec 8

Heavy domestic, but not recreational, physical activity is associated with low back pain: Australian Twin low BACK pain (AUTBACK) study.

How can latent trajectories of back pain be translated into defined subgroups?

Kongsted A, Hestbæk L, Kent P. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2017 Jul 3;18(1):285. doi: 10.1186/s12891-017-1644-8.

How consistent are lordosis, range of movement and lumbo-pelvic rhythm in people with and without back pain?

Laird RA, Kent P, Keating JL. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2016 Sep 22;17(1):403.

How Do Physical Therapists Measure Treatment Outcomes in Adults With Chronic Low Back Pain? A Systematic Review.

Pires D, Cruz EB, Gomes LA, Nunes C. Phys Ther. 2020 Mar 2. pii: pzaa030. doi: 10.1093/ptj/pzaa030.

Identifying back pain subgroups: developing and applying approaches using individual patient data collected within clinical trials.

the Repository Group. Southampton (UK): NIHR Journals Library; 2016 Jul. PMID: 27489926

Incidence and risk factors for first-time incident low back pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Incidence and risk factors for first-time incident low back pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Individual courses of low back pain in adult Danes: a cohort study with 4-year and 8-year follow-up

Per Kjaer, Lars Korsholm, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Lise Hestbaek and Tom Bendix BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:28 21 January 2017

Inter-rater agreement, sensitivity, and specificity of the prone hip extension test and active straight leg raise test

Intertester Agreement and Validity of Identifying Lumbar Pain Provocative Movement Patterns Using Active and Passive Accessory Movement Tests

Is the size and composition of the paraspinal muscles associated with low back pain? A systematic review

Tom A Ranger, Flavia M Cicuttini, Tue Secher Jensen, Waruna L Peiris, Sultana Monira Hussain, Jessica Fairley, Donna M Urquhart. The Spine Journal. July 26, 2017. DOI:10.1016/j.spinee.2017.07.002

Is there a relationship between self-efficacy, disability, pain and sociodemographic characteristics in chronic low back pain? A multicenter retrospective analysis.

Ferrari S, Vanti C, Pellizzer M, Dozza L, Monticone M, Pillastrini P. Arch Physiother. 2019 Oct 12;9:9. doi: 10.1186/s40945-019-0061-8.

Kinematic analysis of diseased and adjacent segments in degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis

Latent class analysis derived subgroups of low back pain patients – do they have prognostic capacity?

Anne Molgaard Nielsen, Lise Hestbaek, Werner Vach, Peter Kent and Alice Kongsted. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders. 9 August 2017. DOI:10.1186/s12891-017-1708-9

Leg-length discrepancy is associated with low back pain among those who must stand while working

Long-term outcomes of a large, prospective observational cohort of older adults with back pain.

Jarvik JG, Gold LS, Tan K, Friedly JL, Nedeljkovic SS, Comstock BA, Deyo RA, Turner JA, Bresnahan BW, Rundell SD, James KT, Nerenz DR, Avins AL, Bauer Z, Kessler L, Heagerty PJ. Spine J. 2018 Jan 29. pii: S1529-9430(18)30021-4. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2018.01.018.

Lordosis manoeuvre in the diagnosis of lumbar facet syndrome.

Díez-Ulloa MA, Almira Suárez EL, Otero Fernández M, Leborans Eiras S, Collado Arce G. Rev Esp Cir Ortop Traumatol. 2016 Jul-Aug;60(4):221-6. doi: 10.1016/j.recot.2016.02.002.

Low back pain in older adults: risk factors, management options and future directions.

Wong AY, Karppinen J, Samartzis D. Scoliosis Spinal Disord. 2017 Apr 18;12:14. doi: 10.1186/s13013-017-0121-3.

Low Back Pain in the Emergency Department: Prevalence of Serious Spinal Pathologies and Diagnostic Accuracy of Red Flags.

Galliker G, Scherer DE, Trippolini MA, Rasmussen-Barr E, LoMartire R, Wertli MM. Am J Med. 2020 Jan;133(1):60-72.e14. doi: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2019.06.005.

Low Back Pain Prevalence and Related Workplace Psychosocial Risk Factors: A Study Using Data From the 2010 National Health Interview Survey.

Yang H, Haldeman S, Lu ML, Baker D. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2016 Aug 25. pii: S0161-4754(16)30134-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.07.004.

Low Back Pain Prevalence and Related Workplace Psychosocial Risk Factors: A Study Using Data From the 2010 National Health Interview Survey.

Yang H, Haldeman S, Lu ML, Baker D. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2016 Aug 25. pii: S0161-4754(16)30134-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.07.004.

Low Back Pain With Impact at 17 Years of Age Is Predicted by Early Adolescent Risk Factors From Multiple Domains: Analysis of the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study.

Smith A, Beales D, O’Sullivan P, Bear N, Straker L. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2017 Oct;47(10):752-762. doi: 10.2519/jospt.2017.7464

Low Back Pain, a Comprehensive Review: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment.

Urits I, Burshtein A, Sharma M, Testa L, Gold PA, Orhurhu V, Viswanath O, Jones MR, Sidransky MA, Spektor B, Kaye AD. Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2019 Mar 11;23(3):23. doi: 10.1007/s11916-019-0757-1.

Low back pain: critical assessment of various scales.

Garg A, Pathak H, Churyukanov MV, Uppin RB, Slobodin TM. Eur Spine J. 2020 Jan 8. doi: 10.1007/s00586-019-06279-5.

Low back pain.

Vlaeyen JWS, Maher CG, Wiech K, Van Zundert J, Meloto CB, Diatchenko L, Battié MC, Goossens M, Koes B, Linton SJ. Nat Rev Dis Primers. 2018 Dec 13;4(1):52. doi: 10.1038/s41572-018-0052-1.

Lumbar intervertebral instability: a review.

Leone A, Guglielmi G, Cassar-Pullicino VN, Bonomo L. Radiology. 2007 Oct;245(1):62-77. Review.

Lumbar lordosis in prone position and prone hip extension test: comparison between subjects with and without low back pain.

Arab AM, Haghighat A, Amiri Z, Khosravi F. Chiropr Man Therap. 2017 Mar 16;25:8. doi: 10.1186/s12998-017-0139-x.

Lumbar Lordosis Minus Thoracic Kyphosis: A Novel Regional Predictor for Sagittal Balance in Elderly Populations

Lumbar lordosis reduction and disc bulge may correlate with multifidus muscle fatty infiltration in patients with single-segment degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis.

Liu Y, Liu Y, Hai Y, Li G, Liu T, Wang Y. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2019 Dec 2;189:105629. doi: 10.1016/j.clineuro.2019.105629.

Making Sense of Low Back Pain and Pain-Related Fear.

Bunzli S, Smith A, Schütze R, Lin I, O’Sullivan P. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2017 Sep;47(9):628-636. doi: 10.2519/jospt.2017.7434.

Minimal Clinically Important Difference in Quality of Life for Patients with Low Back Pain.

Díaz-Arribas MJ, Fernández-Serrano M, Royuela A, Kovacs FM, Gallego-Izquierdo T, Ramos-Sánchez M, Llorca-Palomera R, Pardo-Hervás P, Martín-Pariente OS. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2017 Jun 27. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000002298.

Multidimensional pain profiles in four cases of chronic non-specific axial low back pain: An examination of the limitations of contemporary classification systems.

New physical examination tests for lumbar spondylolisthesis and instability: low midline sill sign and interspinous gap change during lumbar flexion-extension motion

Oswestry Disability Index is a better indicator of lumbar motion than the Visual Analogue Scale

Pain catastrophizing moderates changes in spinal control in response to noxiously induced low back pain

Gwyneth B. Ross, Peter J. Sheahan, Brian Mahoney, Brendon J. Gurd, Paul W. Hodges, Ryan B. Graham. Journal of Biomechanics April 19, 2017 DOI:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2017.04.010

Pain intensity attenuates movement control of the lumbar spine in low back pain.

Pain-evoked trunk muscle activity changes during fatigue and DOMS.

Larsen LH, Hirata RP, Graven-Nielsen T. Eur J Pain. 2017 Jan 20. doi: 10.1002/ejp.993.

Paraspinal muscle cross-sectional area predicts low back disability but not pain intensity.

Ranger TA, Cicuttini FM, Jensen TS, Heritier S, Urquhart DM. Spine J. 2018 Dec 7. pii: S1529-9430(18)31280-4. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2018.12.004.

Patient characteristics in low back pain subgroups based on an existing classification system. A descriptive cohort study in chiropractic practice.

Patients with low back pain had distinct clinical course patterns that were typically neither complete recovery nor constant pain. A latent class analysis of longitudinal data

Patients’ and Physiotherapists’ Views on Triggers for Low Back Pain.

Predictors of Occurrence and Severity of First Time Low Back Pain Episodes: Findings from a Military Inception Cohort

Prevalence and clinical features of sports-related lumbosacral stress injuries in the young.

Kaneko H, Murakami M, Nishizawa K. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2017 Mar 27. doi: 10.1007/s00402-017-2686-y.

Prevalence of low back pain by anatomic location and intensity in an occupational population

Prevalence of low back pain in emergency settings: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Edwards J, Hayden J, Asbridge M, Gregoire B, Magee K. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2017 Apr 4;18(1):143. doi: 10.1186/s12891-017-1511-7.

PROMIS Physical Function short forms display item– and scale-level characteristics at least as good as the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire in patients with chronic low back pain.

Chiarotto A, Roorda LD, Crins MH, Boers M, Ostelo RW, Terwee CB. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2019 Nov 2. pii: S0003-9993(19)31362-0. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2019.09.018.

Psychosocial areas of worklife and chronic low back pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Buruck G, Tomaschek A, Wendsche J, Ochsmann E, Dörfel D. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2019 Oct 25;20(1):480. doi: 10.1186/s12891-019-2826-3.

Psychosocial areas of worklife and chronic low back pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Buruck G, Tomaschek A, Wendsche J, Ochsmann E, Dörfel D. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2019 Oct 25;20(1):480. doi: 10.1186/s12891-019-2826-3.

Putting Physical Activity While Experiencing Low Back Pain in Context: Balancing the Risks and Benefits

Recovery-stress patterns and low back pain: Differences in pain intensity and disability.

Heidari J, Mierswa T, Hasenbring M, Kleinert J, Levenig C, Belz J, Kellmann M. Musculoskeletal Care. 2017 Apr 10. doi: 10.1002/msc.1195.

Recurrent back pain during working life and exit from paid employment: a 28-year follow-up of the Whitehall II Study.

Lallukka T, Mänty M, Cooper C, Fleischmann M, Kouvonen A, Walker-Bone KE, Head JA, Halonen JI. Occup Environ Med. 2018 Nov;75(11):786-791. doi: 10.1136/oemed-2018-105202.

Red flags presented in current low back pain guidelines: a review.

Verhagen AP, Downie A, Popal N, Maher C, Koes BW. Eur Spine J. 2016 Sep;25(9):2788-802. doi: 10.1007/s00586-016-4684-0.

Red flags presented in current low back pain guidelines: a review.

Verhagen AP, Downie A, Popal N, Maher C, Koes BW. Eur Spine J. 2016 Jul

Red flags to screen for malignancy and fracture in patients with low back pain.

Reduced Spinal Cord Movement With the Straight Leg Raise Test in Patients With Lumbar Intervertebral Disc Herniation.

Rade M, Pesonen J, Könönen M, Marttila J, Shacklock M, Vanninen R, Kankaanpää M, Airaksinen O. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2017 Aug 1;42(15):1117-1124. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000002235.

Regional differences in lumbar spinal posture and the influence of low back pain

Relationships between paraspinal muscle morphology and neurocompressive conditions of the lumbar spine: a systematic review with meta-analysis.

Cooley JR, Walker BF, M Ardakani E, Kjaer P, Jensen TS, Hebert JJ. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2018 Sep 27;19(1):351. doi: 10.1186/s12891-018-2266-5.

Reliability of physical functioning tests in patients with low back pain: a systematic review.

Denteneer L, Van Daele U, Truijen S, De Hertogh W, Meirte J, Stassijns G. Spine J. 2017 Sep 4. pii: S1529-9430(17)30974-9. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2017.08.257.

Risk classification of patients referred to secondary care for low back pain.

Unsgaard-Tøndel M, Kregnes IG, Nilsen TIL, Marchand GH, Askim T. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2018 May 24;19(1):166. doi: 10.1186/s12891-018-2082-y.

Role of overweight and obesity in low back disorders among men: a longitudinal study with a life course approach

Sensitivity for palpating lumbopelvic soft- tissues and bony landmarks and its associated factors: A single-blinded diagnostic accuracy study.

Ferreira APA, Póvoa LC, Zanier JFC, Machado DC, Ferreira AS. J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. 2017 Apr 21. doi: 10.3233/BMR-150356.

Severe lumbar intervertebral disc degeneration is associated with Modic changes and fatty infiltration in the paraspinal muscles at all lumbar levels, except L1-L2: A cross-sectional analysis of 50 symptomatic females and age-matched 50 symptomatic males.

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The Association Among Overweight, Obesity, and Low Back Pain in U.S. Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study of the 2015 National Health Interview Survey.

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The Association Between Self-reported Low Back Pain and Radiographic Lumbar Disc Degeneration of the Cohort Hip and Cohort Knee (CHECK) Study.

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The Lumbodorsal Fascia as a Potential Source of Low Back Pain: A Narrative Review.

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The Nordic back pain subpopulation program: Can low back pain patterns be predicted from the first consultation with a chiropractor? A longitudinal pilot study

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Ultrasound Assessment of Abdominal Muscle Thickness in Women With and Without Low Back Pain During Pregnancy.

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What have we learned from ten years of trajectory research in low back pain?

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What If Low Back Pain Is the Most Prevalent Parkinsonism in the World?

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What triggers an episode of acute low back pain? A case-crossover study.

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