Vertebral & Carotid Arteries

“Ostrich sign” indicates bilateral vertebral artery dissection.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21440457

A risk-benefit assessment strategy to exclude cervical artery dissection in spinal manual-therapy: A comprehensive review.

Chaibi A, Russell MB. Ann Med. 2019 Mar 19:1-27. doi: 10.1080/07853890.2019.1590627.

Age-related morphologic changes of the vertebral artery in the transverse process. Analysis by multidetector computed tomography angiography

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25931427

Are the anomalous vertebral arteries more hypoplastic?: retrospective linear mixed model approach

Chulho Kim, Jong-Hee Sohn and Hui-Chul Choi. BMC Neurology. 29 August 2017. doi:10.1186/s12883-017-0951-x

Arterial dissections following cervical manipulation: the chiropractic experience.

Haldeman S, Carey P, Townsend M, Papadopoulos C. CMAJ. 2001 Oct 2;165(7):905-6.

Assessing the risk of stroke from neck manipulation: a systematic review

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23140796

Cerebral embolus following chiropractic manipulation in a patient with a calcified carotid artery.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22818061

Cerebrospinal fluid leak secondary to chiropractic manipulation

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3642754/?tool=pmcentrez

Cervical artery dissection in patients ≥60 years: Often painless, few mechanical triggers.

Traenka C, Dougoud D, Simonetti BG, Metso TM, , Engelter ST et al; CADISP-Plus Study Group.. Neurology. 2017 Mar 3. pii: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000003788. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000003788.

Cervical artery dissection. A comparison of highly dynamic mechanisms: manipulation versus motor vehicle collision

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15726036

Changes in Vertebral Arterial Blood Flow During Premanipulative Tests in Participants With Upper Cervical Spine Motion Restriction.

Leenaerts T, Molenaar W, Cattrysse E. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2020 Apr 17. pii: S0161-4754(20)30001-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2019.10.002.

Changes in Vertebral Artery Blood Flow Following Various Head Positions and Cervical Spine Manipulation

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24239451

Changes in Vertebral Artery Hemodynamics Associated With McKenzie Therapeutic Cervical Movements: An Exploration Using Duplex Ultrasound Imaging.

Al-Obaidi SM, Asbeutah AM, Alsiri NF. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2019 Apr 4. pii: S0161-4754(18)30146-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2018.09.001.

Characteristics of Headache and Neck Pain in Spontaneous Vertebral Artery Dissections.

Hori E, Hori S, Okamoto S, Shibata T, Umemura KO, Kubo M, Furui E, Horie Y, Kuroda S. No Shinkei Geka. 2018 Apr;46(4):295-299. doi: 10.11477/mf.1436203719.

Clinical characteristics of symptomatic vertebral artery dissection: a systematic review.

Gottesman RF, Sharma P, Robinson KA, Arnan M, Tsui M, Ladha K, Newman-Toker DE. Neurologist. 2012 Sep;18(5):245-54. doi: 10.1097/NRL.0b013e31826754e1.

Clinical import of Horner syndrome in internal carotid and vertebral artery dissection.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24727317

Clinical perceptions of the risk of vertebral artery dissection after cervical manipulation: the effect of referral bias.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14589464

Craniocervical arterial dissections as sequelae of chiropractic manipulation: patterns of injury and management.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21923248

Differential features of carotid and vertebral artery dissections: the CADISP study.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21900632

Effect of cervical manipulation on vertebral artery and cerebral haemodynamics in patients with chronic neck pain: a crossover randomised controlled trial

Nicholas Moser, Silvano Mior, Michael Noseworthy, Pierre Côté, Greg Wells, Michael Behr, John Triano. BMJ Open. 28 May, 2019. DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025219

Effects of Cervical Rotatory Manipulation on Internal Carotid Artery in Hemodynamics Using an Animal Model of Carotid Atherosclerosis: A Safety Study.

Guan T, Zeng Y, Qi J, Qin B, Fu S, Wang G, Zhang L. Med Sci Monit. 2019 Mar 31;25:2344-2351. doi: 10.12659/MSM.913351.

Effects of Head and Neck Positions on Blood Flow in the Vertebral, Internal Carotid, and Intracranial Arteries: A Systematic Review.

Kranenburg R, Tyer R, Schmitt M, Luijckx GJ, van der Schans C, Hutting N, Kerry R. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2019 Jul 5:1-59. doi: 10.2519/jospt.2019.8578.

Headache secondary to cervical artery dissections: practice pointers.

Gallerini S, Marsili L, Bartalucci M, Marotti C, Chiti A, Marconi R. Neurol Sci. 2018 Sep 19. doi: 10.1007/s10072-018-3576-y.

Hemodynamics in the Circle of Willis with Internal Carotid Artery Stenosis under Cervical Rotatory Manipulation: A Finite Element Analysis

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4484618

Internal Carotid Artery Strains During High-Speed, Low-Amplitude Spinal Manipulations of the Neck

http://www.jmptonline.org/article/S0161-4754%2812%2900156-X/fulltext

Internal Carotid Artery Strains During High-Speed, Low-Amplitude Spinal Manipulations of the Neck.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23140796

Migraine and Cerebrovascular Atherosclerosis in Patients With Ischemic Stroke.

van Os HJA, Mulder IA, Broersen A, Algra A, et al. MJH. Stroke. 2017 May 19. pii: STROKEAHA.116.016133. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.116.016133.

Preliminary Report: Biomechanics of Vertebral Artery Segments C1-C6 During Cervical Spinal Manipulation

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20534313

Quantifying strain in the vertebral artery with simultaneous motion analysis of the head and neck: a preliminary investigation.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25457973

Risk Factors and Clinical Presentation of Cervical Arterial Dissection: Preliminary Results of a Prospective Case-Control Study.

Thomas LC, Rivett DA, Attia JR, Levi C. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2015 Jul;45(7):503-11. doi: 10.2519/jospt.2015.5877.

Risk factors and precipitating neck movements causing vertebrobasilar artery dissection after cervical trauma and spinal manipulation.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10222530

Risk of vertebrobasilar stroke and chiropractic care: results of a population-based case-control and case-crossover study.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19251066

Shear wave elastography of the cervical arteries: A novel approach to the assessment of cervical arterial wall stiffness. An investigation of psychometric properties and intra-rater reliability.

Thomas L, Low J, Chan K, Durbridge G. Musculoskelet Sci Pract. 2018 Sep 18. pii: S2468-7812(18)30356-4. doi: 10.1016/j.msksp.2018.09.008.

Should we abandon positional testing for vertebrobasilar insufficiency?

Lucy Thomas, Julia Treleaven. Musculoskeletal Science and Practice. 18 November 2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.msksp.2019.102095

Spinal manipulative therapy is an independent risk factor for vertebral artery dissection.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12743225

Spontaneous cervical artery dissection: a fluoroquinolone induced connective tissue disorder?

Demetrious JS. Chiropr Man Therap. 2018 Jul 9;26:22. doi: 10.1186/s12998-018-0193-z.

Stroke prevention by endovascular treatment of carotid and vertebral artery dissections.

Moon K, Albuquerque FC, Cole T, Gross BA, McDougall CG. J Neurointerv Surg. 2016 Sep 23. pii: neurintsurg-2016-012565. doi: 10.1136/neurintsurg-2016-012565.

Stroke, cerebral artery dissection, and cervical spine manipulation therapy.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12195461

The age-related reduction in cerebral blood flow affects vertebral artery more than internal carotid artery blood flow.

Olesen ND, Nielsen HB, Olsen NV, Secher NH. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 2019 Mar 21. doi: 10.1111/cpf.12568.

The effect of a simulated manipulation position on internal carotid and vertebral artery blood flow in healthy individuals

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20709591

The effect of end-range cervical rotation on vertebral and internal carotid arterial blood flow and cerebral inflow: A sub analysis of an MRI study

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25529191

The evaluation of the sense of hearing in patients with carotid artery stenosis within the extracranial segments.

Dorobisz K, Dorobisz T, Janczak D, Krecicki T. Acta Neurol Belg. 2018 Dec 12. doi: 10.1007/s13760-018-01058-3.

Trauma of the extracranial cerebral arteries due to injuries of the cervical spine.

Hajnovič Ľ, Šefránek V, Schütz L. Rozhl Chir. 2018 Winter;97(11):504-508.

Traumatic vertebral artery injury: a review of the screening criteria, imaging spectrum, mimics, and pitfalls.

Sharma P, Hegde R, Kulkarni A, Sharma S, Soin P, Kochar PS, Kumar Y. Pol J Radiol. 2019 Aug 20;84:e307-e318. doi: 10.5114/pjr.2019.88023.

Triple and quadruple cervical artery dissections: a systematic review of individual patient data.

Guglielmi V, Visser J, Arnold M, Sarikaya H, van den Berg R, Nederkoorn PJ, Leys D, Calvet D, Kloss M, Pezzini A, Tatlisumak T, Schilling S, Debette S, Coutinho JM. J Neurol. 2019 Jun;266(6):1383-1388. doi: 10.1007/s00415-019-09269-1.

Vertebral artery dissection in evolution found during chiropractic examination

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26564115

Vertebral Artery Dissection in Sport: A Systematic Review.

Saw AE, McIntosh AS, Kountouris A, Newman P, Gaida JE. Sports Med. 2019 Apr;49(4):553-564. doi: 10.1007/s40279-019-01066-0.

Vertebral artery strains during high-speed, low amplitude cervical spinal manipulation

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22483611

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