Biomechanics

Getting in Touch with Mechanical Pain Mechanisms. Hill RZ, Bautista DM. Trends Neurosci. 2020 May;43(5):311-325. doi: 10.1016/j.tins.2020.03.004. Kinematics of Shoulder, Trunk, Pelvis and Hip While Reaching Forward to Progressively Distant Targets Richard W. Bohannon, Bradley J. Myers, Frank T. Tudini, Justin T. Clark, John P. Manor. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies. March 21, 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2020.03.003 Kinematics of Shoulder, Trunk, Pelvis and Hip While Reaching Forward to Progressively Distant Targets Richard W. Bohannon, Bradley J. Myers, Frank T. Tudini, Justin T. Clark, John P. Manor. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies. March 21, 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2020.03.003 Moment-rotation behavior of intervertebral joints in flexion-extension, lateral bending, and axial rotation at all levels of the human spine: A structured review and meta-regression analysis. Zhang C, Mannen EM, Sis HL, Cadel ES, Wong BM, Wang W, Cheng B, Friis EA, Anderson DE. J Biomech. 2019 Dec 16:109579. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2019.109579. Vertebral rotation estimation from frontal X-rays using a quasi-automated pedicle detection method. Ebrahimi S, Gajny L, Vergari C, Angelini ED, Skalli W. Eur Spine J. 2019 Oct 4. doi: 10.1007/s00586-019-06158-z. The association of cervical sagittal alignment with adjacent segment degeneration. Yang X, Bartels RHMA, Donk R, Arts MP, Goedmakers CMW, Vleggeert-Lankamp CLA. Eur Spine J. 2019 Oct 12. doi: 10.1007/s00586-019-06157-0. The effect of posture on neck proprioception and head/neck stabilization in asymptomatic participants Dean L. Smith, Matthew J. Haug, Mark S. Walsh J Can Chiropr Assoc. 2019 Aug; 63(2): 100–110. No consensus on causality of spine postures or physical exposure and low back pain: A systematic review of systematic reviews. Swain CTV, Pan F, Owen PJ, Schmidt H, Belavy DL. J Biomech. 2019 Aug 13:109312. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2019.08.006. Age-related Changes in Cervical Sagittal Alignment: A Radiographic Analysis. Tang R, Ye IB, Cheung ZB, Kim JS, Cho SK. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2019 Oct 1;44(19):E1144-E1150. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000003082. Musculoskeletal full-body models including a detailed thoracolumbar spine for children and adolescents aged 6 to 18 years Stefan Schmid, Katelyn A. Burkhart, Brett T. Allaire, Daniel Grindle, Dennis E. Anderson. Journal of Biomechanics.7 August 2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2019.07.049 Physiological variations in the sagittal spine alignment in an asymptomatic elderly population. Bassani T, Galbusera F, Luca A, Lovi A, Gallazzi E, Brayda-Bruno M. Spine J. 2019 Aug 1. pii: S1529-9430(19)30898-8. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2019.07.016. Sagittal balance of the spine. Le Huec JC, Thompson W, Mohsinaly Y, Barrey C, Faundez A. Eur Spine J. 2019 Jul 22. doi: 10.1007/s00586-019-06083-1. Thoracolumbar junction orientation: its impact on thoracic kyphosis and sagittal alignment in both asymptomatic volunteers and symptomatic patients. Moon HJ, Bridwell KH, Theologis AA, Kelly MP, Lertudomphonwanit T, Kim HJ, Lenke LG, Gupta MC. Eur Spine J. 2019 Jul 24. doi: 10.1007/s00586-019-06078-y. Head-neck rotational movements using DidRen laser test indicate children and seniors’ lower performance. Hage R, Buisseret F, Pitance L, Brismée JM, Detrembleur C, Dierick F. PLoS One. 2019 Jul 25;14(7):e0219515. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0219515. Effects of School Backpacks on Spine Biomechanics During Daily Activities: A Narrative Review of Literature. Suri C, Shojaei I, Bazrgari B. Hum Factors. 2019 Jul 12:18720819858792. doi: 10.1177/0018720819858792. Mechanical misconceptions: Have we lost the “mechanics” in “sports biomechanics”? Vigotsky AD, Zelik KE, Lake J, Hinrichs RN. J Biomech. 2019 Jul 15. pii: S0021-9290(19)30445-2. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2019.07.005. Comparison of whole body sagittal alignment during directed versus natural, relaxed standing postures in young, healthy adults. Hey HWD, Tan KA, Chin BZ, Liu G, Wong HK. Spine J. 2019 Jun 21. pii: S1529-9430(19)30821-6. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2019.06.017. Can Biomechanics Research Lead to More Effective Treatment of Low Back Pain? A Point-Counterpoint Debate. Cholewicki J, Breen A, Popovich JM Jr, Reeves NP, Sahrmann SA, van Dillen LR, Vleeming A, Hodges PW. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2019 Jun;49(6):425-436. doi: 10.2519/jospt.2019.8825. Influence of Forward Head Posture on Myotonometric Measurements of Superficial Neck Muscle Tone, Elasticity, and Stiffness in Asymptomatic Individuals With Sedentary Jobs. Kocur P, Wilski M, Goliwąs M, Lewandowski J, Łochyński D. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2019 May 20. pii: S0161-4754(18)30094-0. doi: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2019.02.005. Can Biomechanics Research Lead to More Effective Treatment of Low Back Pain? A Viewpoint-Counterpoint Debate. Cholewicki J, Breen A, Popovich JM Jr, Reeves NP, Sahrmann SA, van Dillen LR, Vleeming A, Hodges PW. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2019 May 15:1-32. doi: 10.2519/jospt.2019.8825. Local Sagittal Alignment of the Lumbar Spine and Range of Motion in 627 Asymptomatic Subjects: Age-Related Changes and Sex-Based Differences. Yukawa Y, Matsumoto T, Kollor H, Minamide A, Hashizume H, Yamada H, Kato F. Asian Spine J. 2019 Mar 26. doi: 10.31616/asj.2018.0187. Reliability of a new loaded rolling wheel system for measuring spinal stiffness in asymptomatic participants. Hadizadeh M, Kawchuk GN, Parent E. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2019 Apr 24;20(1):176. doi: 10.1186/s12891-019-2543-y. Kinematics of the Spine Under Healthy and Degenerative Conditions: A Systematic Review. Widmer J, Fornaciari P, Senteler M, Roth T, Snedeker JG, Farshad M. Ann Biomed Eng. 2019 Apr 1. doi: 10.1007/s10439-019-02252-x. Is conservation of center of mass mechanics a priority in human walking? Insights from leg-length asymmetry experiments. McDonald KA, Devaprakash D, Rubenson J. J Exp Biol. 2019 Apr 9. pii: jeb.195172. doi: 10.1242/jeb.195172. Predictive formula of ideal lumbar lordosis and lower lumbar lordosis determined by individual pelvic incidence in asymptomatic elderly population. Hyun SJ, Han S, Kim YB, Kim YJ, Kang GB, Cheong JY. Eur Spine J. 2019 Mar 22. doi: 10.1007/s00586-019-05955-w. Impact of pelvic incidence on change in lumbo-pelvic sagittal alignment between sitting and standing positions. Maekawa A, Endo K, Suzuki H, Sawaji Y, Nishimura H, Matsuoka Y, Murata K, Takamatsu T, Seki T, Konishi T, Kusakabe T, Aihara T, Yamamoto K. Eur Spine J. 2019 Mar 11. doi: 10.1007/s00586-019-05891-9. Association of Pain History and Current Pain With Sagittal Spinal Alignment and Muscle Stiffness and Muscle Mass of the Back Muscles in Middle-aged and Elderly Women. Masaki M, Ikezoe T, Yanase K, Ji X, Umehara J, Aoyama J, Minami S, Fukumoto Y, Watanabe Y, Kimura M, Ichihashi N. Clin Spine Surg. 2019 Feb 11. doi: 10.1097/BSD.0000000000000793. Sagittal Alignment with Downward Slope of the Lower Lumbar Motion Segment Influences its Modes of Failure in Direct Compression: A Mechanical and Microstructural Investigation Sapiee, Nurul Haiza; Thambyah, Ashvin; Robertson, Peter A; Broom, Neil D.. Spine. Feb 25 2019. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000003018 Are hybrid sit-stand postures a good compromise between sitting and standing? Noguchi M, Glinka M, Mayberry GR, Noguchi K, Callaghan JP. Ergonomics. 2019 Feb 14:1-36. doi: 10.1080/00140139.2019.1577496. Normative parameters and anthropometric variability of lumbar muscle stiffness using ultrasound shear-wave elastography Shane L. Koppenhaver, Dominique Scutella, Brooke A. Sorrell, Joshua Yahalom, Cesar Fernández-de-las-Peñas, John D. Childs, Scott W. Shaffer, Minoru Shinohara. January 30, 2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2019.01.010 Prevalence of low back pain among adolescents in relation to the weight of school bags. Akbar F, AlBesharah M, Al-Baghli J, Bulbul F, Mohammad D, Qadoura B, Al-Taiar A. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2019 Jan 22;20(1):37. doi: 10.1186/s12891-019-2398-2. The Head Down Generation: Musculoskeletal Symptoms and the Use of Smartphones Among Young University Students. Regiani Bueno G, Garcia LF, Marques Gomes Bertolini SM, Rodrigues Lucena TF. Telemed J E Health. 2019 Jan 24. doi: 10.1089/tmj.2018.0231. Evaluation of implicit associations between back posture and safety of bending and lifting in people without pain. Caneiro JP, O’Sullivan P, Lipp OV, Mitchinson L, Oeveraas N, Bhalvani P, Abrugiato R, Thorkildsen S, Smith A. Scand J Pain. 2018 Jul 9. pii: /j/sjpain.ahead-of-print/sjpain-2018-0056/sjpain-2018-0056.xml. doi: 10.1515/sjpain-2018-0056. The effect of follower load on the intersegmental coupled motion characteristics of the human thoracic spine: An in vitro study using entire rib cage specimens Christian Liebsch, Nicolas Graf, Hans-Joachim Wilke. J.Biomechanics.DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2018.06.025 Multiscale modelling of the human lumbar facet capsular ligament: analysing spinal motion from the joint to the neurons. Zarei V, Dhume RY, Ellingson AM, Barocas VH. J R Soc Interface. 2018 Nov 14;15(148). pii: 20180550. doi: 10.1098/rsif.2018.0550. Effects of lumbo-pelvic rhythm on trunk muscle forces and disc loads during forward flexion: A combined musculoskeletal and finite element simulation study. Liu T, Khalaf K, Adeeb S, El-Rich M. J Biomech. 2019 Jan 3;82:116-123. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2018.10.009. The relationship between lumbopelvic flexibility and sitting posture in adult women Mona Frey, Alison Poynter, Keisha Younge, Diana De Carvalho. Journal of Biomechanics. 9 January 2019. Doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2018.12.048 Longitudinal evidence links joint level mechanics and muscle activation patterns to 3-year medial joint space narrowing Elysia M. Davis, Cheryl L. Hubley-Kozey, Scott C. Landry, Dianne M. Ikeda, William D. Stanish, Janie L. Astephen Wilson. Clinical Biomechanics. December 19, 2018. DOI: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2018.12.016 Cervical spine morphology and ligament property variations: A finite element study of their influence on sagittal bending characteristics Jobin D. John, Gurunathan Saravana Kumar, Narayan Yoganandan. Journal of Biomechanics. 9 Jan 2019. Doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2018.12.044 Thoracic Kyphosis and Lumbar Lordosis Assessment by Radiography and Photogrammetry: A Review of Normative Values and Reliability. Porto AB, Okazaki VHA. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2019 Jan 3. pii: S0161-4754(17)30234-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2018.03.003. Instrumented Measurement of Spinal Stiffness: A Systematic Literature Review of Reliability. Hofstetter L, Häusler M, Wirth B, Swanenburg J. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2019 Jan 3. pii: S0161-4754(17)30266-X. doi: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2018.03.002. Spinal segments do not move together predictably during daily activities. Papi E, Bull AMJ, McGregor AH. Gait Posture. 2018 Oct 29;67:277-283. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2018.10.031. Does improvement towards a normal cervical sagittal configuration aid in the management of cervical myofascial pain syndrome: a 1- year randomized controlled trial. Moustafa IM, Diab AA, Hegazy F, Harrison DE. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2018 Nov 12;19(1):396. doi: 10.1186/s12891-018-2317-y. Inter- and intra-rater reliability for measurement of range of motion in joints included in three hypermobility assessment methods. Schlager A, Ahlqvist K, Rasmussen-Barr E, Bjelland EK, Pingel R, Olsson C, Nilsson-Wikmar L, Kristiansson P. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2018 Oct 17;19(1):376. doi: 10.1186/s12891-018-2290-5. Sagittal balance of the spine. Le Huec JC, Thompson W, Mohsinaly Y, Barrey C, Faundez A. Eur Spine J. 2019 Jul 22. doi: 10.1007/s00586-019-06083-1. Spinal Constraint Modulates Head Instantaneous Center of Rotation and Dictates Head Angular Motion Calvin Kuo, Michael Fanton, Lyndia Wu, David Camarillo. Journal of Biomechanics. June 12, 2018. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2018.05.024 The Development of Kyphosis and Lordosis in the Growing Spine. Gardner A, Berryman F, Pynsent P. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2018 Apr 10. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000002654. Measurement Properties of the Functional Rating Index: A systematic Review and Meta-analysis Bai, Zhongfei; Shu, Tian; Lu, Jiani. Spine. April 13, 2018. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000002690 The contribution of facet joints, axial compression, and composition to human lumbar disc torsion mechanics. Bezci SE, Eleswarapu A, Klineberg EO, O’Connell GD. J Orthop Res. 2018 Feb 12. doi: 10.1002/jor.23870. Structure, function, and control of the human musculoskeletal network. Murphy AC, Muldoon SF, Baker D, Lastowka A, Bennett B, Yang M, Bassett DS. PLoS Biol. 2018 Jan 18;16(1):e2002811. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.2002811. What do physiotherapists and manual handling advisors consider the safest lifting posture, and do back beliefs influence their choice? David Nolan, Kieran O’Sullivan, John Stephenson, Peter O’Sullivan, Michael Lucock. Musculoskeletal Science and Practice. 18 October 2017. Doi:10.1016/j.msksp.2017.10.010 In Vivo Neuromechanics: Decoding Causal Motor Neuron Behavior with Resulting Musculoskeletal Function. Sartori M, Yavuz UŞ, Farina D. Sci Rep. 2017 Oct 18;7(1):13465. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-13766-6. Estimation of in vivo inter-vertebral loading during motion using fluoroscopic and magnetic resonance image informed finite element models  Sahand Zanjani-Pour, Judith R. Meakin, Alex Breen, Alan Breen. J.Biomech. 6 October 2017. Doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2017.09.025 Analysis of cervical spine alignment in currently asymptomatic individuals: prevalence of kyphotic posture and its relationship with other spinopelvic parameters. Kim SW, Kim TH, Bok DH, Jang C, Yang MH, Lee S, Yoo JH, Kwak YH, Oh JK. Spine J. 2017 Sep 26. pii: S1529-9430(17)31001-X. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2017.09.008. The comfort and safety of a novel rolling mechanical indentation device for the measurement of lumbar trunk stiffness in young adults  Benjamin T. Brown, Alexandra Blacke, Vanessa Carroll, Petra L. Graham, Greg Kawchuk, Aron Downie and Michael Swain. Chiropractic & Manual Therapy. 3 August 2017. doi:10.1186/s12998-017-0153-z Neck posture during lifting and its effect on trunk muscle activation and lumbar spine posture. Hlavenka TM, Christner VFK, Gregory DE. Appl Ergon. 2017 Jul;62:28-33. doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2017.02.006. Dynamic in vivo 3D atlantoaxial spine kinematics during upright rotation  William Anderst, Bryan Rynearson, Tyler West, William Donaldson, Joon Lee. J.Biomechanics. June 20, 2017. DOI:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2017.06.007 Uneven intervertebral motion sharing is related to disc degeneration and is greater in patients with chronic, non-specific low back pain: an in vivo, cross-sectional cohort comparison of intervertebral dynamics using quantitative fluoroscopy. Breen A, Breen A. Eur Spine J. 2017 May 29. doi: 10.1007/s00586-017-5155-y. Multi-segmental thoracic spine kinematics measured dynamically in the young and elderly during flexion. Ignasiak D, Rüeger A, Ferguson SJ. Hum Mov Sci. 2017 May 20;54:230-239. doi: 10.1016/j.humov.2017.05.011. Effects of eight different ligament property datasets on biomechanics of a lumbar L4-L5 finite element model. Naserkhaki S, Arjmand N, Shirazi-Adl A, Farahmand F, El-Rich M. J Biomech. 2017 May 16. pii: S0021-9290(17)30246-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2017.05.003. Kinematic models of lower limb joints for musculo-skeletal modelling and optimization in gait analysis Alberto Leardini, Claudio Belvedere, Fabrizio Nardini, Nicola Sancisi, Michele Conconi, Vincenzo Parenti-Castelli. J.Biomechanics. May 22, 2017 DOI:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2017.04.029 Generalised joint hypermobility and shoulder joint hypermobility, – risk of upper body musculoskeletal symptoms and reduced quality of life in the general population  Birgit Juul-Kristensen, Lasse Østengaard, Sebrina Hansen, Eleanor Boyle, Tina Junge and Lise Hestbaek. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders. 30 May 2017 DOI: 10.1186/s12891-017-1595-0 A combined passive and active musculoskeletal model study to estimate L4-L5 load sharing  Azari, N. Arjmand, A. Shirazi-Adl, T. Rahimi-Moghaddam. J Biomech. May 11, 2017 DOI:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2017.04.026 Functional Neuroanatomy for Posture and Gait Control. Takakusaki K. J Mov Disord. 2017 Jan;10(1):1-17. doi: 10.14802/jmd.16062. Twente spine model: A complete and coherent dataset for musculo-skeletal modeling of the thoracic and cervical regions of the human spine Riza Bayoglu, Leo Geeraedts, Karlijn H.J. Groenen, Nico Verdonschot, Bart Koopman, Jasper Homminga Journal of Biomechanics. April 20, 2017 DOI:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2017.04.003 Twente spine model: A complete and coherent dataset for musculo-skeletal modeling of the lumbar region of the human spine. Bayoglu R, Geeraedts L, Groenen KH, Verdonschot N, Koopman B, Homminga J. J Biomech. 2017 Feb 28;53:111-119. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2017.01.009. Classification of normal sagittal spine alignment: refounding the Roussouly classification. Laouissat F, Sebaaly A, Gehrchen M, Roussouly P. Eur Spine J. 2017 Apr 28. doi: 10.1007/s00586-017-5111-x. A process approach in osteopathy: beyond the structural model  Eyal Lederman. Int Journal of Osteopathic Medicine. April 19, 2016 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijosm.2016.03.004 Standing sagittal alignment of the whole axial skeleton with reference to the gravity line in humans. Hasegawa K, Okamoto M, Hatsushikano S, Shimoda H, Ono M, Homma T, Watanabe K. J Anat. 2017 Jan 27. doi: 10.1111/joa.12586. Age-related hyperkyphosis: update of its potential causes and clinical impacts-narrative review. Roghani T, Zavieh MK, Manshadi FD, King N, Katzman W. Aging Clin Exp Res. 2016 Aug 18. Differences in erect sitting and natural sitting spinal alignment – insights into a new paradigm and implications in deformity correction. Hey D, Wong G, Lau E, Tan KA, Lau LL, Liu G, Wong HK. Spine J. 2016 Aug 22. pii: S1529-9430(16)30888-9. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2016.08.026. Normal multiplanar movement of the spinal cord during unilateral and bilateral straight leg raise: Quantification, mechanisms and overview. Rade M, Shacklock M, Könönen M, Marttila J, Vanninen R, Kankaanpää M, Airaksinen O. J Orthop Res. 2016 Aug Computer simulation of lumbar flexion shows shear of the facet capsular ligament. Claeson AA, Barocas VH. Spine J. 2016 Aug Contribution of elastic tissues to the mechanics and energetics of muscle function during movement  Roberts TJ. J Exp Biol. 2016 Jan Fundamental biomechanics of the spine-What we have learned in the past 25 years and future directions. Oxland TR. J Biomech. 2016 Apr Mechanical Perturbations of the Walking Surface Reveal Unaltered Axial Trunk Stiffness in Chronic Low Back Pain Patients. Prins MR, van der Wurff P, Meijer OG, Bruijn SM, van Dieën JH. PLoS One. 2016 Jun Rigid fixation of the lumbar spine alters the motion and mechanical stability at the adjacent segment level. Karakaşlı A, Ceçen B, Erduran M, Taylan O, Hapa O, Havıtcıoğlu H. Eklem Hastalik Cerrahisi. 2014 No association between posture and musculoskeletal complaints in a professional bassist sample. Woldendorp KH, Boonstra AM, Tijsma A, Arendzen JH, Reneman MF. Eur J Pain. 2016 Ma Characterization of the L4-L5-S1 motion segment using the stepwise reduction method. Jaramillo HE, Puttlitz CM, McGilvray K, García JJ. J Biomech. 2016 Mar 4 A description of spinal fatigue strength. Huber G, Nagel K, Skrzypiec DM, Klein A, Püschel K, Morlock MM. J Biomech. 2016 Apr 11 Supporting the upper body with the hand on the thigh reduces back loading during lifting. Kingma I, Faber GS, van Dieën JH. J Biomech. 2016 Apr 11 Fundamental biomechanics of the spine-What we have learned in the past 25 years and future directions. Oxland TR. J Biomech. 2016 Apr The Study of Cobb Angular Velocity in Cervical Spine during Dynamic Extension-Flexion. Ren D, Hu Z, Yuan W. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 Apr Spinal curves and health: a systematic critical review of the epidemiological literature dealing with associations between sagittal spinal curves and health. Christensen ST, Hartvigsen J. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2008 Nov-Dec Increased range of motion after static stretching is not due to changes in muscle and tendon structures. Konrad A, Tilp M. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2014 Jun Biomechanics of changes in lumbar posture in static lifting. Arjmand N, Shirazi-Adl A. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2005 Dec 1;30(23):2637-48. Anticipatory kinematics and muscle activity preceding transitions from level-ground walking to stair ascent and descent. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26830440  Spinal curves and health: a systematic critical review of the epidemiological literature dealing with associations between sagittal spinal curves and health. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19028253  Influence of age and posture on spinal and corticospinal excitability. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26055449  Are forward bending of the trunk and low back pain associated among Danish blue-collar workers? A cross-sectional field study based on objective measures. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25374330   Cervical spine alignment in the pediatric population: a radiographic normative study of 150 asymptomatic patients. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24395005   The effect of unstable loading versus unstable support conditions on spine rotational stiffness and spine stability during repetitive lifting http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24287401   Cumulative mechanical low-back load at work is a determinant of low-back pain. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24676271   Dynamic stability of the trunk during unstable sitting in people with low back pain. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24583732   Associations between cervical and scapular posture and the spatial distribution of trapezius muscle activity http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24875461   Impact of spinal alignment and back muscle strength on shoulder range of motion in middle-aged and elderly people in a prospective cohort study. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24578093  A comparative analysis of sagittal spinopelvic alignment between young and old men without localized disc degeneration. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24610236   Increased range of motion after static stretching is not due to changes in muscle and tendon structures http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24856792   Kinematics and muscle activity of the head, lumbar and knee joints during 180° turning and sitting down task in older adults http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24239023  Proportional lumbar spine inter-vertebral motion patterns: a comparison of patients with chronic, non-specific low back pain and healthy controls. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24676852   Effect of changing lumbar stiffness by single facet joint dysfunction on the responsiveness of lumbar muscle spindles to vertebral movement http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4025086/?tool=pmcentrez  Effect of cervical kyphotic deformity type on the motion characteristics and dynamic spinal cord compression. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24718067 Body posture and backpack loading: an upright magnetic resonance imaging study of the adult lumbar spine. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24619606  Normal values for cervical range of motion. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24573069  Sacrum pubic incidence and sacrum pubic posterior angle: two morphologic radiological parameters in assessing pelvic sagittal alignment in human adults. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24752624  Active cervical and lumbar range of motion during performance of activities of daily living in healthy young adults. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23823575  Effect of high-heeled shoes on the parameters of body posture. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23759819  Effects of proprioceptive disruption on lumbar spine repositioning error in a trunk forward bending task. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23948825   Biomechanics of the spine. Part I: spinal stability. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23088879  Biomechanics of the spine. Part II: spinal instability. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23088878  A New Pre-employment Functional Capacity Evaluation Predicts Longer-Term Risk of Musculoskeletal Injury in Healthy Workers http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4047309   Lumbar facet joint and intervertebral disc loading during simulated pelvic obliquity. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23706384   Investigation of coupled bending of the lumbar spine during dynamic axial rotation of the body http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3843802   Lengthening But Not Shortening History of Paraspinal Muscle Spindles in the Low Back Alters Their Dynamic Sensitivity http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3023376/?tool=pmcentrez   Relationships between joint motion and facet joint capsule strain during cat and human lumbar spinal motions http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3164964/?tool=pmcentrez  The fall of the postural-structural-biomechanical model in manual and physical therapies: exemplified by lower back pain. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21419349  Lumbar facet joint motion in patients with degenerative disc disease at affected and adjacent levels: an in vivo biomechanical study. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3740386   The influence of lower cervical joint pain on range of motion and interpretation of the flexion–rotation test http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3109686/?tool=pmcentrez  Low-back loading in lifting two loads beside the body compared to lifting one load in front of the body. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19084840   The Effect of Body Position and Axial Load on Spinal Canal Morphology http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18165750  Intervertebral disc degeneration reduces vertebral motion responses. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17762796  Coupling behavior of the thoracic spine: a systematic review of the literature. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17574958  Anterior thoracic posture increases thoracolumbar disc loading http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3476747/?tool=pmcentrez Biomechanics of musculoskeletal pain: dynamics of the neuromatrix http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14759756  Influence of ligament stiffness on the mechanical behavior of a functional spinal unit. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15165881  Biomechanics of the cervical spine. I: Normal kinematics http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10946096   Effect of low back posture on the morphology of the spinal canal. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10855470   Anatomic changes of the spinal canal and intervertebral foramen associated with flexion-extension movement. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8923625 

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