Exercise

Effects of Exercise on Brain and Cognition Across Age Groups and Health States Chelsea M. Stillman, Irene Esteban-Cornejo, Belinda Brown, Catherine M. Bender, Kirk I. Erickson. Trends in Neuroscience. May 11, 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.tins.2020.04.010  Effect of Different Exercise Training Intensities on Musculoskeletal and Neuropathic Pain in Inactive Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes – Preliminary Randomised Controlled Trial. Cox ER, Gajanand T, Burton NW, Coombes JS, Coombes BK. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2020 Apr 28:108168. doi: 10.1016/j.diabres.2020.108168. Exercise and Chronic Pain. Borisovskaya A, Chmelik E, Karnik A. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2020;1228:233-253. doi: 10.1007/978-981-15-1792-1_16. Exercise Programs to Reduce the Risk of Musculoskeletal Injuries in Military Personnel: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Dijksma MSc I, Arslan MSc IG, van Etten-Jamaludin FS, Elbers RG, Lucas C, Stuiver MM. PM R. 2020 Mar 11. doi: 10.1002/pmrj.12360. Exercise influences episodic memory via changes in hippocampal neurocircuitry and long-term potentiation. Moore D, Loprinzi PD. Eur J Neurosci. 2020 Mar 31. doi: 10.1111/ejn.14728. Self-Control and Exercise: A Review of the Bi-Directional Relationship. Boat R, Cooper SB. Brain Plast. 2019 Dec 26;5(1):97-104. doi: 10.3233/BPL-190082. Self-Control and Exercise: A Review of the Bi-Directional Relationship. Boat R, Cooper SB. Brain Plast. 2019 Dec 26;5(1):97-104. doi: 10.3233/BPL-190082. Association of Daily Step Count and Step Intensity With Mortality Among US Adults. Saint-Maurice PF, Troiano RP, Bassett DR Jr, Graubard BI, Carlson SA, Shiroma EJ, Fulton JE, Matthews CE. JAMA. 2020 Mar 24;323(12):1151-1160. doi: 10.1001/jama.2020.1382. Optimal Human Functioning Requires Exercise Across the Lifespan: Mobility in a 1g Environment Is Intrinsic to the Integrity of Multiple Biological Systems. Hart DA, Zernicke RF. Front Physiol. 2020 Feb 27;11:156. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2020.00156. Physical rehabilitation needs per condition type: Results from the Global Burden of Disease study 2017. Jesus TS, Landry MD, Brooks D, Hoenig H. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2020 Feb 5. pii: S0003-9993(20)30081-2. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2019.12.020. What is rehabilitation? An empirical investigation leading to an evidence-based description. Wade DT. Clin Rehabil. 2020 Feb 10:269215520905112. doi: 10.1177/0269215520905112. Mechanisms of exercise-induced preconditioning in skeletal muscles  Scott K. Powers, Matthew Bomkamp, Mustafa Ozdemir, Hayden Hyatt. Redox Biology. 12 February 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.redox.2020.101462 Determining the Sites of Neural Adaptations to Resistance Training: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Siddique U, Rahman S, Frazer AK, Pearce AJ, Howatson G, Kidgell DJ. Sports Med. 2020 Jan 28. doi: 10.1007/s40279-020-01258-z. Muscle Cramping During Exercise: Causes, Solutions, and Questions Remaining. Maughan RJ, Shirreffs SM. Sports Med. 2019 Dec;49(Suppl 2):115-124. doi: 10.1007/s40279-019-01162-1. The impact of exercise training status on the fibre type specific abundance of proteins regulating intramuscular lipid metabolism. Shaw CS, Swinton C, Morales-Scholz MG, McRae NL, Erftemeyer T, Aldous A, Murphy RM, Howlett KF. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2020 Jan 9. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00797.2019. Endogenous Modulation of Pain: The Role of Exercise, Stress and Cognitions in Humans. Vaegter HB, Fehrmann E, Gajsar H, Kreddig N. Clin J Pain. 2019 Dec 10. doi: 10.1097/AJP.0000000000000788. Effects of Fitness Level and Exercise Intensity on Pain and Mood Responses. Schmitt A, Wallat D, Stangier C, Martin JA, Schlesinger-Irsch U, Boecker H. Eur J Pain. 2019 Nov 18. doi: 10.1002/ejp.1508. Implementing Exercise in Healthcare Settings: The Potential of Implementation Science. Czosnek L, Rankin N, Zopf E, Richards J, Rosenbaum S, Cormie P. Sports Med. 2019 Nov 20. doi: 10.1007/s40279-019-01228-0. Exercise-induced muscle damage on the contractile properties of the lumbar paraspinal muscles: a laser displacement mechanomyographic approach. Than C, Roberts L, Coombes BK, Tosovic D, Brown JM. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2019 Mar;119(3):761-770. doi: 10.1007/s00421-018-04067-5. Strength Training Increases Conduction Velocity of High-Threshold Motor Units. Casolo A, Farina D, Falla D, Bazzucchi I, Felici F, Del Vecchio A. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2019 Nov 1. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000002196. Is running associated with a lower risk of all-cause, cardiovascular and cancer mortality, and is the more the better? A systematic review and meta-analysis Zeljko Pedisic, Nipun Shrestha, Stephanie Kovalchik, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Nucharapon Liangruenrom, Jozo Grgic, Sylvia Titze, Stuart JH Biddle, Adrian E Bauman, Pekka Oja. BJSM. Nov 1, 2019.  doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2018-100493 Time spent cycling, walking, running, standing and sedentary: a cross-sectional analysis of accelerometer-data from 1670 adults in the Copenhagen City Heart Study Melker Staffan Johansson, Mette Korshøj, Peter Schnohr, Jacob Louis Marott, Eva Irene Bossano Prescott, Karen Søgaard and Andreas Holtermann. BMC Public Health 2019 19:1370. 24 October 2019. DOI: 10.1186/s12889-019-7679-z Athletic Development – Part 2: The Foundational Stage of Development Nicole Rodriguez, Fred Duncan, Craig Liebenson. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies. October 15, 2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2019.10.011 Towards better evidence-informed global action: lessons learnt from the Lancet series and recent developments in physical activity and public health. Ding D, Ramirez Varela A, Bauman AE, Ekelund U, Lee IM, Heath G, Katzmarzyk PT, Reis R, Pratt M. Br J Sports Med. 2019 Sep 27. pii: bjsports-2019-101001. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2019-101001. Updated overview on interplay between physical exercise, neurotrophins, and cognitive function in humans Giuseppe Lippi, Camilla Mattiuzzi, Fabian Sanchis-Gomar. Journal of Sport and Health Science. 6 September 2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.jshs.2019.07.012 Association of Neurocognitive and Physical Function With Gait Speed in Midlife. Rasmussen LJH, Caspi A, Ambler A, Moffitt TE et al.  JAMA Netw Open. 2019 Oct 2;2(10):e1913123. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.13123. Effects of resistance training concentric velocity on older adults’ functional capacity: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised trials. da Rosa Orssatto LB, de la Rocha Freitas C, Shield AJ, Silveira Pinto R, Trajano GS. Exp Gerontol. 2019 Sep 7:110731. doi: 10.1016/j.exger.2019.110731. Impact of Tai Chi Exercise on Balance Disorders: A Systematic Review. Huang HW, Nicholson N, Thomas S. Am J Audiol. 2019 Jun 10;28(2):391-404. doi: 10.1044/2018_AJA-18-0115. Adverse effects of yoga: a national cross-sectional survey  Holger Cramer, Daniela Quinker, Dania Schumann, Jon Wardle, Gustav Dobos and Romy Lauche. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2019 19:190. 29 July 2019. DOI: 10.1186/s12906-019-2612-7 Physical Activity, Cognition, and Brain Outcomes: A Review of the 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines. Erickson KI, Hillman C, Stillman CM, Ballard RM, Bloodgood B, Conroy DE, Macko R, Marquez DX, Petruzzello SJ, Powell KE; FOR 2018 PHYSICAL ACTIVITY GUIDELINES ADVISORY COMMITTEE*. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2019 Jun;51(6):1242-1251. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000001936. Associations of physical activity or sedentary behaviour with pain sensitivity in young adults of the Raine Study. Waller R, Smith A, Slater H, O’Sullivan P, Beales D, McVeigh J, Straker L. Scand J Pain. 2019 May 29. pii: /j/sjpain.ahead-of-print/sjpain-2019-0038/sjpain-2019-0038.xml. doi: 10.1515/sjpain-2019-0038. Association of Step Volume and Intensity With All-Cause Mortality in Older Women  I-Min Lee, MBBS, ScD; Eric J. Shiroma, ScD; Masamitsu Kamada, PhD; et al. JAMA Intern Med. May 29, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.0899 A Therapeutic Exercise Program Improves Pain and Physical Dimension of Health-Related Quality of Life in Young Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Rodríguez-Romero B, Bello O, Vivas Costa J, Carballo-Costa L. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2019 May;98(5):392-398. doi: 10.1097/PHM.0000000000001107. Isometric exercise for acute pain relief: is it relevant in tendinopathy management? Gravare Silbernagel K, Vicenzino BT, Rathleff MS, Thorborg K. Br J Sports Med. 2019 May 10. pii: bjsports-2019-100591. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2019-100591. Change in physical activity from adolescence to early adulthood: a systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal cohort studies. Corder K, Winpenny E, Love R, Brown HE, White M, Sluijs EV. Br J Sports Med. 2019 Apr;53(8):496-503. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2016-097330. Exercise induced hypoalgesia in pain-free and chronic pain populations: State of the art and future directions. Rice D, Nijs J, Kosek E, Wideman T, Hasenbring MI, Koltyn K, Graven-Nielsen T, Polli A. J Pain. 2019 Mar 20. pii: S1526-5900(18)30456-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jpain.2019.03.005. General Physical Preparation: The big rock of fitness Fred Duncan, D.C. Craig Liebenson. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies. March 2, 2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2019.02.023 Institutional Guidelines for Resistance Exercise Training in Cardiovascular Disease: A Systematic Review. Fidalgo ASF, Farinatti P, Borges JP, de Paula T, Monteiro W. Sports Med. 2019 Mar;49(3):463-475. doi: 10.1007/s40279-019-01059-z. Association of Efficacy of Resistance Exercise Training With Depressive Symptoms: Meta-analysis and Meta-regression Analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials. Gordon BR, McDowell CP, Hallgren M, Meyer JD, Lyons M, Herring MP. JAMA Psychiatry. 2018 Jun 1;75(6):566-576. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2018.0572. High intensity exercise for 3 months reduces disease activity in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA): a multicentre randomised trial of 100 patients. Sveaas SH, Bilberg A, Berg IJ, Provan SA, Rollefstad S, Semb AG, Hagen KB, Johansen MW, Pedersen E, Dagfinrud H. Br J Sports Med. 2019 Feb 11. pii: bjsports-2018-099943. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2018-099943. High-intensity exercise did not cause vertebral fractures and improves thoracic kyphosis in postmenopausal women with low to very low bone mass: the LIFTMOR trial. Watson SL, Weeks BK, Weis LJ, Harding AT, Horan SA, Beck BR. Osteoporos Int. 2019 Jan 5. doi: 10.1007/s00198-018-04829-z. Muscle stretching – the potential role of endogenous pain inhibitory modulation on stretch tolerance. Støve MP, Hirata RP, Palsson TS. Scand J Pain. 2019 Jan 30. pii: /j/sjpain.ahead-of-print/sjpain-2018-0334/sjpain-2018-0334.xml. doi: 10.1515/sjpain-2018-0334. Exercise Reverses Nociceptive Sensitization, Upregulated Neuropeptide Signaling, Inflammatory Changes, Anxiety, and Memory Impairment in a Mouse Tibia Fracture Model. Shi X, Guo TZ, Li W, Sahbaie P, Rice KC, Sulima A, Clark JD, Kingery WS. Anesthesiology. 2018 Jul 10. doi: 10.1097/ALN.0000000000002332. Exercise-induced hypoalgesia: A meta-analysis of exercise dosing for the treatment of chronic pain. Polaski AM, Phelps AL, Kostek MC, Szucs KA, Kolber BJ. PLoS One. 2019 Jan 9;14(1):e0210418. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0210418. Are people with Joint Hypermobility Syndrome slow to strengthen? To M, Alexander CM. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2018 Dec 29. pii: S0003-9993(18)31560-0. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2018.11.021. Walking more than 90 minutes/week was associated with a lower risk of self-reported low back pain in persons over 50 years of age: A cross-sectional study using the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. Park SM, Kim GU, Kim HJ, Kim H, Chang BS, Lee CK, Yeom JS. Spine J. 2018 Nov 15. pii: S1529-9430(18)31226-9. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2018.11.007. Effects of barefoot and shod running on lower extremity joint loading, a musculoskeletal simulation study Jonathan Sinclair. Sport Sciences for Health. 23 March 2018. Doi: 10.1007/s11332-018-0446-1 Therapeutic and economic effects of multimodal back exercise: A controlled multicentre study. Müller G, Pfinder M, Clement M, Kaiserauer A, Deis G, Waber T, Rieger S, Schwarz D, Heinzel-Gutenbrunner M, Straif M, Bös K, Kohlmann T. J Rehabil Med. 2018 Nov 8. doi: 10.2340/16501977-2497. Rehabilitation exercises reduce re-injury post-ankle sprain, but the content and parameters of an optimal exercise program have yet to be established: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Chris M. Bleakley, Jeffrey B. Taylor, Steven L. Dischiavi, Cailbhe Doherty, Eamonn Delahunt. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. October 26, 2018. DOI: 10.1016/j.apmr.2018.10.005 The interplay of exercise, placebo and nocebo effects on experimental pain. Colloca L, Corsi N, Fiorio M. Sci Rep. 2018 Oct 3;8(1):14758. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-32974-2. Do highly physically active workers die early? A systematic review with meta-analysis of data from 193 696 participants. Coenen P, Huysmans MA, Holtermann A, Krause N, van Mechelen W, Straker LM, van der Beek AJ. Br J Sports Med. 2018 Oct;52(20):1320-1326. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2017-098540. Effects of Warm-Up, Post-Warm-Up, and Re-Warm-Up Strategies on Explosive Efforts in Team Sports: A Systematic Review. Silva LM, Neiva HP, Marques MC, Izquierdo M, Marinho DA. Sports Med. 2018 Oct;48(10):2285-2299. doi: 10.1007/s40279-018-0958-5. The Kettlebell Lunge Clean Exercise Josh Henkin, Jessico Bento, Craig Liebenson. J. Bodywork and Movt Therapies. September 21, 2018. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2018.09.079 A Theory-Driven System for the Specification of Rehabilitation Treatments. Hart T, Dijkers MP, Whyte J, Turkstra LS, Zanca JM, Packel A, Van Stan JH, Ferraro M, Chen C. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2018 Sep 26. pii: S0003-9993(18)31310-8. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2018.09.109. An end to the black box of rehabilitation? Dijkers M. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2018 Sep 26. pii: S0003-9993(18)31308-X. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2018.09.108. The Importance of Voluntary Behavior in Rehabilitation Treatment and Outcomes. Whyte J, Dijkers MP, Hart T, Van Stan JH, Packel A, Turkstra LS, Zanca J, Chen C, Ferraro M. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2018 Sep 26. pii: S0003-9993(18)31312-1. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2018.09.111 Advancing Rehabilitation Practice Through Improved Specification of Interventions. Zanca JM, Turkstra LS, Chen C, Packel A, Ferraro M, Hart T, Van Stan JH, Whyte J, Dijkers MP. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2018 Sep 26. pii: S0003-9993(18)31311-X. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2018.09.110. Effects of High-Intensity Interval Training Versus Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training On Blood Pressure in Adults with Pre- to Established Hypertension: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Trials. Costa EC, Hay JL, Kehler DS, Boreskie KF, Arora RC, Umpierre D, Szwajcer A, Duhamel TA. Sports Med. 2018 Sep;48(9):2127-2142. doi: 10.1007/s40279-018-0944-y. Exercise in the treatment of clinical anxiety in general practice – a systematic review and meta-analysis. Aylett E, Small N, Bower P. BMC Health Serv Res. 2018 Jul 16;18(1):559. doi: 10.1186/s12913-018-3313-5. Recent Perspectives Regarding the Role of Dietary Protein for the Promotion of Muscle Hypertrophy with Resistance Exercise Training. Stokes T, Hector AJ, Morton RW, McGlory C, Phillips SM. Nutrients. 2018 Feb 7;10(2). pii: E180. doi: 10.3390/nu10020180. Do We Need a Cool-Down After Exercise? A Narrative Review of the Psychophysiological Effects and the Effects on Performance, Injuries and the Long-Term Adaptive Response. Van Hooren B, Peake JM. Sports Med. 2018 Jul;48(7):1575-1595. doi: 10.1007/s40279-018-0916-2. Musculoskeletal pain and exercise-challenging existing paradigms and introducing new. Smith BE, Hendrick P, Bateman M, Holden S, Littlewood C, Smith TO, Logan P. Br J Sports Med. 2018 Jun 20. pii: bjsports-2017-098983. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2017-098983. Defining adherence to therapeutic exercise for musculoskeletal pain: a systematic review. Bailey DL, Holden MA, Foster NE, Quicke JG, Haywood KL, Bishop A. Br J Sports Med. 2018 Jun 6. pii: bjsports-2017-098742. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2017-098742. Low-load resistance exercise during inactivity is associated with greater fibre area and satellite cell expression in older skeletal muscle. Moore DR, Kelly RP, Devries MC, Churchward-Venne TA, Phillips SM, Parise G, Johnston AP. J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle. 2018 May 14. doi: 10.1002/jcsm.12306. Objectively measured physical activity, sedentary behaviour and all-cause mortality in older men: does volume of activity matter more than pattern of accumulation?  Barbara J Jefferis, Tessa J Parsons, Claudio Sartini, Sarah Ash, Lucy T Lennon, Olia Papacosta, Richard W Morris, S Goya Wannamethee, I-Min Lee, Peter H Whincup. British Journal of Sports Medicine. May 24, 2018. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2017-098733 Cost-effectiveness of exercise therapy in the treatment of non-specific neck pain and low back pain: a systematic review with meta-analysis. Miyamoto GC, Lin CC, Cabral CMN, van Dongen JM, van Tulder MW. Br J Sports Med. 2018 Apr 20. pii: bjsports-2017-098765. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2017-098765. Towards an ecologically grounded functional practice in rehabilitation. Vaz DV, Silva PL, Mancini MC, Carello C, Kinsella-Shaw J. Hum Mov Sci. 2017 Apr;52:117-132. doi: 10.1016/j.humov.2017.01.010. Exercise interventions and patient beliefs for people with hip, knee or hip and knee osteoarthritis: a mixed methods review  Michael Hurley, Kelly Dickson, Rachel Hallett, Robert Grant, Hanan Hauari, Nicola Walsh, Claire Stansfield, Sandy Oliver. Cochrane Review. April 2018. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD010842.pub2 Exercise combined with Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ExACT) compared to a supervised exercise programme for adults with chronic pain: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Casey MB, Smart K, Segurado R, Hearty C, Gopal H, Lowry D, Flanagan D, McCracken L, Doody C. Trials. 2018 Mar 22;19(1):194. doi: 10.1186/s13063-018-2543-5. Effect of physical exercise on musculoskeletal pain in multiple body regions among healthcare workers: Secondary analysis of a cluster randomized controlled trial. Jakobsen MD, Sundstrup E, Brandt M, Andersen LL. Musculoskelet Sci Pract. 2018 Jan 12;34:89-96. doi: 10.1016/j.msksp.2018.01.006. Tai Chi for older adults with chronic multisite pain: a randomized controlled pilot study. You T, Ogawa EF, Thapa S, Cai Y, Zhang H, Nagae S, Yeh GY, Wayne PM, Shi L, Leveille SG. Aging Clin Exp Res. 2018 Mar 6. doi: 10.1007/s40520-018-0922-0. Objectively measured physical activity, sedentary behaviour and all-cause mortality in older men: does volume of activity matter more than pattern of accumulation? Jefferis BJ, Parsons TJ, Sartini C, Ash S, Lennon LT, Papacosta O, Morris RW, Wannamethee SG, Lee IM, Whincup PH. Br J Sports Med. 2018 Feb 12. pii: bjsports-2017-098733. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2017-098733. Exercise as a vital sign: a preliminary pilot study in a chiropractic setting. Howitt S, Simpson K, Suderman D, Mercer A, Rutherford S, deGraauw C. J Can Chiropr Assoc. 2017 Dec;61(3):231-238. ‘I didn’t pay her to teach me how to fix my back’: a focused ethnographic study exploring chiropractors’ and chiropractic patients’ experiences and beliefs regarding exercise adherence. Stilwell P, Harman K. J Can Chiropr Assoc. 2017 Dec;61(3):219-230. Kinesiophobia is associated with pain intensity but not pain sensitivity before and after exercise: an explorative analysis. Vaegter HB, Madsen AB, Handberg G, Graven-Nielsen T. Physiotherapy. 2017 Oct 28. pii: S0031-9406(17)30090-1. doi: 10.1016/j.physio.2017.10.001. Long term activity participation. Liebenson C. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2017 Oct;21(4):1037-1039. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.09.009. StrongLifts 5×5 Workout: mobile app user guide. Anderson N, Stevenson S, Brozena J. Br J Sports Med. 2017 Oct 24. pii: bjsports-2017-098338. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2017-098338. Effects of physical exercise in older adults with reduced physical capacity: meta-analysis of resistance exercise and multimodal exercise. Liu CJ, Chang WP, Araujo de Carvalho I, Savage KEL, Radford LW, Amuthavalli Thiyagarajan J. Int J Rehabil Res. 2017 Oct 11. doi: 10.1097/MRR.0000000000000249. Exercise therapy for functional capacity in chronic diseases: an overview of meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials. Pasanen T, Tolvanen S, Heinonen A, Kujala UM. Br J Sports Med. 2017 May 12. pii: bjsports-2016-097132. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2016-097132. Strength and hypertrophy adaptations between low- versus high-load resistance training: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Schoenfeld BJ, Grgic J, Ogborn D, Krieger JW. J Strength Cond Res. 2017 Aug 22. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000002200. Can chronic stretching change the muscle-tendon mechanical properties? A review. Freitas SR, Mendes B, Le Sant G, Andrade RJ, Nordez A, Milanovic Z. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2017 Aug 12. doi: 10.1111/sms.12957. Should exercises be painful in the management of chronic musculoskeletal pain? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Smith BE, Hendrick P, Smith TO, Bateman M, Moffatt F, Rathleff MS, Selfe J, Logan P. Br J Sports Med. 2017 Jun 8. pii: bjsports-2016-097383. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2016-097383. The effect of uphill and downhill walking on gait parameters: A self-paced treadmill study  Shani Kimel-Naor, Amihai Gottlieb, Meir Plotnik. J.Biomechanics. June 26, 2017. DOI:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2017.06.030 Movement amplitude on the Functional Re-adaptive Exercise Device: deep spinal muscle activity and movement control. Winnard A, Debuse D, Wilkinson M, Samson L, Weber T, Caplan N. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2017 May 23. doi: 10.1007/s00421-017-3648-3. Participation trends in holistic movement practices: a 10-year comparison of yoga/Pilates and t’ai chi/qigong use among a national sample of 195,926 Australians. Vergeer I, Bennie JA, Charity MJ, Harvey JT, van Uffelen JGZ, Biddle SJH, Eime RM. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2017 Jun 6;17(1):296. doi: 10.1186/s12906-017-1800-6. Adaptive Capacity: An Evolutionary Neuroscience Model Linking Exercise, Cognition, and Brain Health David A. Raichlen, Gene E. Alexander. Trends in Neurosciences. June 10, 2017. DOI: doi 10.1016/j.tins.2017.05.001 A model to increase rehabilitation adherence to home exercise programmes in patients with varying levels of self-efficacy. Picha KJ, Howell DM. Musculoskeletal Care. 2017 Apr 12. doi: 10.1002/msc.1194. Exercise for chronic musculoskeletal pain: A biopsychosocial approach. Booth J, Moseley GL, Schiltenwolf M, Cashin A, Davies M, Hübscher M. Musculoskeletal Care. 2017 Mar 30. doi: 10.1002/msc.1191. Does exercise increase or decrease pain? Central mechanisms underlying these two phenomena. Lima LV, Abner TS, Sluka KA. J Physiol. 2017 Mar 29. doi: 10.1113/JP273355. Spinal-Exercise Prescription in Sport: Classifying Physical Training and Rehabilitation by Intention and Outcome. Spencer S, Wolf A, Rushton A. J Athl Train. 2016 Aug;51(8):613-628. Physical activity and exercise for chronic pain in adults: an overview of Cochrane Reviews. Geneen LJ, Moore RA, Clarke C, Martin D, Colvin LA, Smith BH. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017 Apr 24;4:CD011279. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD011279.pub3. Effects of treadmill exercise on advanced osteoarthritis pain in rats. Allen J, Imbert I, Havelin J, Henderson T, Stevenson G, Liaw L, King T. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2017 Mar 20. doi: 10.1002/art.40101. Physical activity behavior predicts endogenous pain modulation in older adults. Naugle KM, Ohlman T, Naugle KE, Riley ZA, Keith NR. Pain. 2017 Mar;158(3):383-390. doi: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000000769. Effects of aerobic exercise on pain sensitivity, heart rate recovery, and health-related quality of life in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain. Öte Karaca Ş, Demirsoy N, Günendi Z. Int J Rehabil Res. 2016 Dec 29. doi: 10.1097/MRR.0000000000000212. Skeletal muscle aging: influence of oxidative stress and physical exercise. Gomes MJ, Martinez PF, Pagan LU, Damatto RL, Cezar MD, Lima AR, Okoshi K, Okoshi MP. Oncotarget. 2017 Jan 15. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.14670. A new paradigm for muscle contraction Herzog W, Johnston K, Powers K, and Duval M. Front. Physiol., 10 June 2015 doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2015.00174 The effect of single-task and dual-task balance exercise programs on balance performance in adults with osteoporosis: a randomized controlled preliminary trial. Konak HE, Kibar S, Ergin ES. Osteoporos Int. 2016 Nov;27(11):3271-3278. Exercise prescription: perceptions and physical activity habits in chiropractic students at CMCC. Howitt S, Ethridge E, Nelson E, Gotuaco M, Demello L. J Can Chiropr Assoc. 2016 Dec;60(4):286-293. Mobility as a predictor of all-cause mortality in older men and women: 11.8 year follow-up in the Tromsø study Astrid Bergland, Lone Jørgensen, Nina Emaus and Bjørn Heine Strand BMC Health Services ResearchBMC series – open, inclusive and trusted2017 17:22 DOI: 10.1186/s12913-016-1950-0 Effects of prolonged and acute muscle pain on the force control strategy during isometric contractions. 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Kvam S, Kleppe CL, Nordhus IH, Hovland A. J Affect Disord. 2016 May Association of Leisure-Time Physical Activity With Risk of 26 Types of Cancer in 1.44 Million Adults. Moore SC, Lee IM, Weiderpass E, Campbell PT et al.  JAMA Intern Med. 2016 Jun Familial Risk of Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain and the Importance of Physical Activity and Body Mass Index: Prospective Data from the HUNT Study, Norway. Lier R, Mork PJ, Holtermann A, Nilsen TI. PLoS One. 2016 Apr 15 Barriers to home-based exercise program adherence with chronic low back pain: Patient expectations regarding new technologies. Palazzo C, Klinger E, Dorner V, Kadri A, Thierry O, Boumenir Y, Martin W, Poiraudeau S, Ville I. Ann Phys Rehabil Med. 2016 Mar 31 A 10-year follow-up of tailored behavioural treatment and exercise-based physiotherapy for persistent musculoskeletal pain. Emilson C, Demmelmaier I, Bergman S, Lindberg P, Denison E, Åsenlöf P. 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